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Jam Sessions - Smooth Jazz
Lesson 7 - Jam in Gm
This jam has two parts, one section in Gm, the other in Cm. Let's work on one
section at a time. Here's your jam track in Gm:
There are only two chords in that jam
Now you're going to learn all the solo riffs from the lesson sample. I'll be
showing you many ideas of things to play against this simple little jam. The
first riff is made from the G minor pentatonic scale:
you're new to playing that scale, or new to "jamming" just fiddle around with
the notes from the scale while the looping jam track is playing in the
Lyle: Here's the first riff which is all made
from the G minor pentatonic scale:
Since the two chords are Gm7 and Gm6, this tells you that you are in the key of
F major because of the Gm6 chord. Minor 6 chords are the second chord of a key.
So Gm6 is the second chord in the key of F.
This means you can play ANY mode in the key of F major. I like to use the
Locrian minor which is based off the vii of the major scale. In this case you
can play E Locrian. Here's an arpeggio pattern for it:
Try playing that arpeggio while the jam track is playing. Notice how "funky" it
Lyle: The second riff in the solo/lesson sample
is made right from this arpeggio:
Notice in riff 2 the sliding technique.
Lyle: You can play in Gm but the two chords in
the jam are related to the key of F major.
Since the two chords in the jam Gm7 and Gm6 are the ii chords in the key of F
major, you can use the F major scale to improvise with against the jam track.
Try noodling around with this scale, the F major scale and notice all the notes
sound good with the jam:
Here's the third riff from the lesson sample that's made right from this scale
The next riff uses two chords way up high on the neck. I use these chord
voicings many times with funk jams like the Prince style of guitar rhythm:
All 4 of those riffs make up the first half of the lesson sample, then it
changes to Cm. Same thing - Cm7 to Cm6. Here's a new jam track so you can start
working in Cm:
Here's the chords for this jam track:
Who can tell me what major scale these two chords are related to?
Correct! Just like earlier, these two chords are the ii chords of a major scale.
In this case Cm7 and Cm6 are the ii chords in the key of Bb major.
what would be the relative minor?
Lyle: Yes, very good:
Lyle: This means you could play the G relative
minor over the jam in Cm. Here's a riff that uses this scale:
Lyle: The C Dorian minor scale is an option too
since the Dorian is the second mode in the key of Bb.
Here's the next riff which is made right from this scale:
Adam: what does
the "P" mean?
okay thank you
Lyle: The next riff is made from both the G
relative minor and Bb major scale, both against the jam in Cm:
zz: you really
got to know your modes for jazz
Lyle: Yes, it helps.
Lyle: This last riff from the lesson sample is a
mixture of different little things:
Now you're ready to put both jams together. You'll jam in Gm for 16 bars, then
Cm for 16 bars:
back on riff 3 - F maj scale riff, are you using "skip a string picking" or
Lyle: String skipping. Watch the video and you'll
see me picking riff 3.
Lyle: I'm going to take a break for now but
you can stick around and jam. All the jam tracks from this series are available
in MP3 format and for download off my web site - TheGuitar.net . That way you
can burn them to a CD and take the jam tracks to your home stereo and crack it
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