Jam Sessions - Funk Style
- Lesson 9
Lyle: Grab your guitar and
jam along! Join in on these jam sessions, which are designed to teach you theory
and technique, rhythm riffs, chords, scales, riffs, and solos, as you play along
to the jam tracks. Listen or watch the media clips below to see and hear what
you'll learn in this lesson:
Jam Sessions - Funk Style -
Jam Sessions -
Funk Style - Lesson 9
Lyle: This lesson is a laid-back funk style jam,
based on two chords, Fmaj7 to Eb9:
Jam Track in
Here's a video clip showing you a couple simple ways to strum these two chords
with the jam:
These two chords are not in the same key together. The Fmaj7 chord is the I
chord in the key of F, and the Eb9 is the V chord in the key of Ab. This means
when you're improvising over the jam track, you need to switch keys each time
the chord changes.
Lyle: You could play notes from the F major scale
against the Fmaj7 chord, then notes from the Ab major scale during the Eb9
F and Ab
The Eb9 chord is the V chord in the key of Ab, so this means you could play the
Eb Mixolydian mode as well as the Ab major scale, because Eb Mixolydian is the
fifth mode in the key of Ab:
Eb Mixolydian and Ab maj scales
If you listened to the lesson sample you would have heard me playing several
different riffs. Each time the chord changes in the jam track (every measure), I
too change the scale pattern to match the key.
Lyle: Here's what the first riff is like. It's a
single melody line going up the neck:
F major and minor climb
F major and
The reason I swith to F minor during the Eb9 chord is because Fm is the relative
minor in the key of Ab. Remember the Eb9 chord is the V chord in Ab, so Fm is
the relative minor in Ab.
Lyle: The next riff is a good example of the
major and minor uses against the two chords. During the Fmaj7 chord you can play
the F major pentatonic or the D relative minor pentatonic, then during the Eb9
chord you can play the Ab major pentatonic or the F relative minor
Frost: I cant
move my fingers as fast as Lyle.
Support: The software will allow you to slow down
the notation if you need to, just select the "tempo"
Lyle: Here's a good example of how each note from
the F and Ab major scale sound good against the Fmaj7 and Eb9
You can also select sections of the notation with the mouse to work on smaller
pieces at a time.
major scale riffs
would this also fall into the light jazz category ?
Yes, Smooth Jazz and Funk Style are close to being the
Lyle: Here's an example of how arpeggios can help
you come up with cool sounding riffs. I took the Am arpeggio to play against the
Fmaj7 chord (Am is the iii chord in the key of F), then Cm arpeggio against the
Eb9 chord (Cm is the iii chord in the key of Ab) :
I'm using the whammy bar for the pre-bend at 17 and 20 fret locations. I push
the bar down about a whole step, then pick the note and slowly release the
whammy bar until it comes to regular pitch, then I wiggle the bar for added
vibrato. Watch the video closely for this technique.
Lyle: The last riff from the lesson sample is
another arpeggio riff, but with a few techniques thrown in, like sweep picking
and right hand hammer-on and pull-off.
Lyle: You'll be playing a Dm arpeggio riff
against the Fmaj7 chord, then a Fm arpeggio riff against the Eb9
Lyle: Dm is the relative minor for the Fmaj7
chord, and Fm is the relative minor in the key of Ab, to which the Eb9 chord
riffs - slow
aren't you also tapping the top note of the arpeggio?
Lyle: Yes, a combination of sweep picking and
right hand hammer-on and pull-off is being used. The circled/highlighted note is
played with the right hand.
Lyle: Put all those riffs together in order and
you'll have the solo that is from the lesson sample above. You can try mixing
them all up, even try making up your own solos using the scale and key
information I covered in this lesson. Two chords, two different
Lyle, for the right hand hammer/pull to come through audibly, is that a function
of amp volume, and guitar sustain ? (or am I doing something wrong
Lyle: It's all in the right hand
Lyle: That's all for tonight's jam session! Have
a good night and I'll see you next week for another Funk jam
Steven_K: I'd like to find someone
who has knowledge about some difficulties with dexterity some of us older
players are having mild arthritis, and what we should or shouldn't
Steve K, I'm not a doctor and I don't know anything regarding arthritis and the
guitar. You might have to hunt around different doctors who might have knowledge
about things you should and shouldn't do with your hands and fingers.
Lyle: If you would like extra
help with this lesson or you would like a custom lesson made for you so you
could download it, email me at firstname.lastname@example.org for more info. Thanks,