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III - Lesson 1
Open Position Dominant ChordsLyle: Before you start with this lesson, please
check your tuning:
Lyle: In the past
few lessons you have learned the basic open position major and minor chords. Now
it's time to learn the "dominant 7" chords in the open
"dominant" chord has a bluesy sound to it compared to the other major and minor
type of chords.
Lyle: Start by learning the
Here's a picking pattern to try with this chord. The "v" means down stroke with
the pick, the "^" is an up stroke:
A7 picking pattern
The "dominant" type of chord is made from a major triad (1 - 3 - 5) followed with a flatted
7th (b7) degree. You don't need to know this but that's the musical theory of
the chord. Impress your friends with this knowledge ;-)
Here's a looping jam track of a drum beat you can use as a sort of metronome to
practice the picking pattern with:
metronome drum track
Don't worry if the theory and terminology throws you off, just memorize what
you're playing for now.
Lyle: Next is the C7
Here's a picking pattern you can use to practice the C7 chord
Lyle: Remember to
follow the correct pick direction so that you learn to sound smooth and even
with these simple picking patterns.
Lyle: Next is the D7 chord which only uses 4
strings, just like the D and Dm chords:
Now try this picking pattern I made for the D7 chord:
Remember you can use the looping jam track of the basic drum beat to practice
keeping a steady beat with.
Lyle: Now a big 6 string chord, the
Lyle: Here's a picking pattern for you to try
with the E7:
find it difficult to get the open 4th string to ring clearly. This is an
important note because it is the "flatted 7th" degree and the reason why the E7
chord sounds bluesy.
Lyle: Try to get your 2nd finger to roll up on
its tip and out of the way of the open 4th string when playing this E7
Lyle: Last but not least, the G7
Now try this picking pattern for the G7 chord:
Now I've put together a 8 measure progression using these dominant 7 chords.
Notice how "bluesy" they all sound. You'll use the strum pattern that you used
from the last couple of lessons. Here's the chord
Learn how to play that progression all the way through and be able to repeat it.
Here's a blues drum beat to help you keep a steady beat
That's your goal for this lesson, to be able to play this blues progression a
few times through with the jam track.
Lyle: Any questions?
sammy_andrews: Yes, what scales would you use to play over
these dominant chords??
Lyle: Well, there are so many to choose from. I
would use the diminished/whole tone scale also known as the Phrygian Dominant.
You could use the minor pentatonic for a real bluesy sound or try the Mixolydian
mode for a melodic sound. More about scales in the near future....stay
sammy_andrews: Ok thanks,... I was just trying to think
if minor or major scales would work over dominant chords..is
good question though...
sammy_andrews: I'm not trying to get ahead of you,,, was
just wondering... :o)
david_reid: what's the difference between Phrygian and
Lyle: Scales are a whole 'nother beast to deal
with. We must first learn to walk before we can
sammy_andrews: yes master ...lol
take a break for now. Thanks everyone for being here live tonight and for your
good questions. We'll work on scales soon enough. That's all for this lesson.
Have fun, practice hard, and see you at the next lesson!
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