VI - Scales
Lesson 1 - The Major
Lesson Sample in E major
It's important to know the major scale because other scales, chords, arpeggios,
and the formulas regarding music theory all relate to it. Since this is a
"Beginning Guitar" series, I'll be keeping the theory stuff pretty tame. The
main thing is that you learn what the scales are and memorize everything you can
Lyle: Let's start with a single string major
scale starting on the open 1st string:
1 - E major scale
Playback the TAB notation so you can see and hear it on the virtual
fretboard. Look at the physical layout of the scale
and the spaces between the notes. You'll see that the notes have numbers
assigned to them. These are called the scale degrees:
R = Root note or tonic
2 = Major second
3 = Major third
4 = Perfect fourth
5 = Perfect fifth
6 = Major sixth
7 = Major 7th
Lyle: Good thing to memorize right there, you'll
refer to this as you learn more about scales and theory etc. There are 7 different tones followed by the
"octave" which is the R/root again. In this case, this is the E major
Lyle: Memorize that, thank you DanT. The physical
layout of the major scale, no matter where you start on the neck, goes, - whole,
whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half.
Lyle: Whole step = 2 frets, half step = 1
Lyle: Here's a jam track in the key of E that you
can practice playing this scale up and down the 1st string
for E major scales
The major scale is also known to me as the " Doe, Ray, Me, Fa, So, La, Tee, Doe"
scale. It just might be the most melodic scale out there and the most used
scale. It sure doesn't sound bluesy or rockin' but it is melodic. As you learn
and practice the E major scale on the 1st string, notice how the half steps are
between the 3rd and 4th and the 7th and octave notes. All the other notes have
two frets between them.
Lyle: 2 wholes and a half, 3 wholes and a half.
It's so important to memorize that formula. From here the world of music
theory can unfold for you.
Lyle: Now try playing this major scale formula
starting on each E note from each
2 - E
major scale - all strings
BigTX: Why is E
to a F# a whole step, not E to a F?
Lyle: E to F is a half step, E to F# is a whole
step. But to make the E major scale fit the major scale formula, you have to #
the F to make it fit the formula.
BigTX: Gotcha, two frets.
There is only a half step between B and C as
Lyle: Right, that is for the natural note names,
but in the key of E you have to raise the C to C# to fit the formula of the
whole step, half step formula.
Lyle: Here's another place to learn the E major
scale, the open position:
3 - E major scale - open position
That is a pattern that covers just 1 "octave", meaning from E to E. Here's a
pattern that goes from the low E 6th string to beyond the open E on the first
4 - E
major scale - open position 2
Remember that you can practice playing these E major scale patterns along with
the looping jam track. It will help you, or I hope, inspire you to practice them
by having a jam track to play along
Lyle: Next I'd like to show you my favorite major
scale patterns that I use often. These are also "moveable" patterns too. Once
you memorize the fingerings, you can move them up and down the neck to get to
different keys. Here's pattern that you can start on the 5th string E and the
same pattern on the 6th string E:
5 - E major scale patterns 1
5 - E major scale
DanT: Can you
use these same patterns for say the C major scale by starting on the C
Lyle: Yes, these are the
moveable patterns. Start with the root on the 8th fret and you've got yourself
the C major scale.
Lyle: Here's a two octave pattern that
starts on the 6th string. This is a great finger exercise scale too. You may
notice it's a little tough at first until your muscle memory takes over, you
have to train your fingers.
6 - E major scale - pattern 2
6 - E major scale patterns 2
All major scales use the same formula, but not the same fingering patterns.
Here's another fingering pattern for the E major scale:
7 - E major
scale - patterns 3
7 - E major scale
this work for C on the 8th as well?
sammy_andrews: And D at the tenth
Lyle: Yes. Here's an example of how you can move
the formula and pattern up just 1 fret to get from E to F major
8 - E and F
8 - E and F major
BigTX: So are
these the major patterns for the Majors, or are there
Lyle: These are some of the main fingerings for
the major scale.
Lyle: Try these two octave patterns for the G
major scale. You should recognize these patterns from earlier in this
9 - G
Like you might have asked earlier, you can move these patterns up and down the
neck to get to any of the other keys.
9 - G major scales
Here's the A major scale in one octave patterns up the
10 - A major
10 - A major
You can take any of the major scale patterns that I've shown you here and move
them up and down the neck to get to all the different keys, as long as the
pattern didn't have an open string in it. Here's a couple video examples of how
I took a major scale pattern and practiced playing up the
scale pattern example 1
pattern example 2
Try to memorize some or all of these major scale patterns and practice them up
and down the neck.
Lyle: That's all for this lesson. Talk to you all
next lesson when we explore the natural minor scale!