|What you learn:
More Extended Chords|
|Teacher: Michael Johnson|
In this lesson on Understanding Chords you'll learn the formula for the Dominant
& Minor Chords/Arpeggios. There isn't enough time to cover all the chords, but
we'll go over the general concepts so you get a better understanding of how each
of these formulas are broken down.
Here's the formula for the coming chords
and arpeggios. For now we'll go over the DOMINANT chords/arpeggios, use the
chart below as a reference to understand how the MINOR chords are built.
Notice the CHROMATIC scale is first. The MAJOR scale is actually a derivative
from this scale as is is for the other scales. It's
like playing all the notes on your guitar or all the black and white keys on a
keyboard. Now look for the FORMULAS, what notes would be in the C MAJOR
Very good, does everybody understand
this so far?
Michael: OK what are the notes for the C
Great, the chart is a good reference for
you, what about the C Maj11?
Yes Kelly, now we get to the next part,
what is in the C dom 7?
Here's a tab notation that will help you
visualize the first chart. First here's the C Chromatic and the C Major
Do you see
how the C Major scale comes from the C Chromatic?
You have a whole bunch of notes and you
only select 7 notes from that pattern. Once you have the Major scale
you can break it down into the arpeggio and chords.
chromatic basically all of the notes in a Single scale?
You bet coors, now the C major scale can
be broken down into an arpeggio. Using the formula chart I sent earlier C Maj -
1, 3, 5, OK a CHORD is the same notes as the ARPEGGIO but you play them all
at the same time, in this case you'll omit a few notes from the arpeggio.
CEG, OK now let's learn the DOMINANT
Now by looking at this chart what are
the notes in the C7 chord/arpeggio?
Great! Can everybody see how that
little, i guess i just need to memorize the formulas
It's basically a math formula. In math we learn formulas in music it's the same thing. You can use
reference charts, it's kind of a shortcut. What are
the notes used in the C (dominate) 9
Yes Kelly, we'll let's break this into
tab so you can see it on the fretboard.
have the C major scale, then you see the C7 arpeggio with the b7 note
(F#), OK, now here are various positions of the C7
Here are some images of the fingerings.
C7 - Chord
C7 - Chord 2
C7 - Chord
C7- Chord 4
C7 - Chord 5
ginger: C maj9 would be 1 3 7
Michael: That would
be 1, 3, 5, b7 9.
Kelly: OK, so eliminate any repeats in favor of
different notes in the chord.
You bet Kelly see how you can alter the
C7? Just as long as you have the 1, 3, 5,
& b7 in it you can come up with all kinds of variations. Here's the C
See how the
C9 works, you add the extra note. Here's 2 chord
C9 - Chord 2
jlancaster: How would you know what chord someone is
playing ie C7
Michael: JL, after playing and listening to
the chords and arpeggios for awhile you'll learn to recognize the chords played,
for instance the 9 chord to me has a "funky" sound to
just use my ear, like teach says....you'll learn the different 'flavours' of a
You bet rockman.
The problem is that there are too many 'flavours' to chose
Start with basics Kelly, then work your way
rockman: Play them constantly, until you've trained
your ear....time will tell all.
Michael: OK, here's the
And the C13.
Here's some basic things in the
flavor of these chords to listen to the dom 7 and dom 9, both chords have a
funk/blues feel. The dom 11 and dom 13 have a jazz sound to
dom 13 sounds almost like random notes to my ear, I have to double check each
finger just to make sure I'm playing it right.
We don't have time to cover MINOR
but I'm going to give you a live listening test. I'm going to create some audio
files live and you guess what chords I'm playing, ready to play the listening
Michael: Guess what chord
got at least a 7th
You rock coors! You got it, it's the
C 9. Here's another.
Sounds like 13
Yes!!! It's the C13, good ears!
very top heavy sound.......bright
Yes rockman! You're the man! it's a
dom7. You can hear this chord in many rock
songs as well like in songs like Wully Bully, or bands
like the Chilli Peppers, Beatles etc. This is what you call
ear training, Try this one:
Sound Clip 4
rockman: Is that
No, it's the 7th
D'oh! Suckered me in.
Good try though. Well class time to go, I hope you
learned a lot of new things.
lebaron: Thanks, this is helpful and
rockman: Thanx teach....that was fun
you so much for the lesson
lebaron: Bye all, see you next
See you next
<< load notation from left